Polysaccharides Examples And Classification

polysaccharides examples

Polysaccharides shape when monosaccharides or disaccharides arrange in chains. They are carbohydrate structures and generally classify as heterogeneous. They are mostly occurs in plants and are utilized as food and energy storage by most animals. Polysaccharides Classification: When they are formed by the same repeating structures of monosaccharides, they are now called homo polysaccharides such as starch, glycogen and cellulose, formed each of them by thousands of molecules of glucose attached by glycosidic linkages. If the polysaccharides molecules are formed

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What Is Tautomer And Tautomerization


A tautomer is basically a different type isomer by an organic compound that has the characteristic that it can rapidly change their isomeric form by the simple chemical reaction, that process called tautomerization. Typically, this happens as the transfer of hydrogen atoms (protons) by an interchange of one single bond with a double bond. In a public solution where tautomerism is possible, a chemical equilibrium between the two tautomers is must be obtained otherwise the process should not proceed forward.

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What is Retrograde Pyelography & Its Procedure

Retrograde Pyelography & Its Procedure

Retrograde pyelography is a sort of x-ray utilized to obtain comprehensive pictures of the ureters and kidneys. Retrograde pyelography uses a special mixture, injected into the ureters. The mixture fabricates the ureters and kidneys more easily seen on the x-ray. This test is likewise an intravenous pyelogram (IVP). But with IVP, it is preferred that the dye is injected directly into a vein instead of the ureter. Modern tests have mostly replaced retrograde pyelography. But, retrograde pyelography can occasionally show

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Hmp Shunt Or Hexose MonoPhosphate Shunt & Its Importance

hmp shunt

The Hexose MonoPhosphate Shunt (HMP) is also referred as “Pentose phosphate Pathway” (PPP). This is substitute Glucose oxidation pathway. The hexose monophosphate pathway is utilized for secretion of NADPH from NADP. The NADPH is needed for biosynthetic reactions like fatty acid synthesis, cholesterol synthesis, drug reduction, and as a cofactor for few non-synthetic enzymatic chemical reactions. HMP shunt is the different Glucose oxidative pathway. Furthermore, it is used for the secretion of ribose for nucleotide and also nucleic acid synthesis.

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Structure & Functions of NADPH (Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate)

structure and functions of NADPH

What is NADPH? NADPH is the blend of energy that is released while Calvin Cycle, it is the product of CO2 fixation during Calvin Cycle that is the very second phase of photosynthesis. However, the first phase is the light dependent reaction. It is crucially a form of chemical energy which is released by the light-dependent reaction. NADPH carries electrons for the Calvin Cycle (NADP+) that further change CO2 into sugar or carbohydrate. NADP+ shuttle back transforms into Calvin Cycle

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